Monday, April 15, 2013

Masters / BIT Coin / Agenda Cultural @ FIX University Campus

Lunes de Debate La Filosofía en la Ciudad Conferencia 
lunes 15 de abril del año 2013
 La sensibilidad artística de Cézanne Mirada pictórica y verdad filosófica Franҁois Gagin Departamento de Filosofía Universidad del Valle Lugar Biblioteca Departamental Jorge Garcés Borrero Sala 2 – 6-8 p.m. 
Entrada libre Quedan cordialmente invitados
Fernando IX University

Fernando IX University

Fernando IX University


Some Bitcoin words you might hear

Bitcoin provides a new approach to payments and as such, there are some new words that might become a part of your vocabulary. Don't worry, even the humble television created new words!

Table of contents


A Bitcoin address is like a physical address or an email. It is the only information you need to provide for someone to pay you with Bitcoin.


The blockchain is a public record of all Bitcoin transactions, in chronological order. The blockchain is shared between all Bitcoin users. It is used to verify the balance of Bitcoin addresses and to prevent double spending.


A block is a record in the blockchain that contains and confirms many waiting transactions. Roughly every 10 minutes on average, a new block including transactions is appended to the blockchainthrough mining.


BTC is the unofficial three letter code for Bitcoin. It can be used as an abbreviation, like USD for US dollar.


Confirmation means that a transaction has been verified by the network and is highly unlikely to be reversed. One confirmation is pretty secure. Though for larger amounts ( ex. 1000 $USD and above ), one can wait for a transaction to have more confirmations - 6 is a frequently chosen number. Each new confirmation decreases the risk of a reversal exponentially.


Cryptography is the branch of mathematics that lets us create mathematical proofs that provide high levels of security. Online commerce and banking already uses cryptography. In the case of Bitcoin, cryptography is used to make it impossible for anybody to spend funds from another user's wallet or to corrupt the blockchain. It can also be used to encrypt a wallet, so that it cannot be used without a password.

Double Spend

If a malicious user tries to spend their bitcoins to two different recipients at the same time, this is double spending. Bitcoin mining and the blockchain are there to create a consensus on the network about which of the two transactions will win.

Hash Rate

The hash rate is the measuring unit of the processing power of the Bitcoin network. The Bitcoin network must make intensive mathematical operations for security purposes. When the network reaches a hash rate of 10 TH/s, it means it can make ten trillion calculations per second.


Bitcoin mining is the process of making computer hardware do mathematical calculations for the Bitcoin network to confirm transactions and increase security. As a reward for their services, Bitcoin miners can collect transaction fees for the transactions they confirm along with newly created bitcoins. Mining is a specialized and competitive market where the rewards are divided up according to how much calculation is done. Not all Bitcoin users do Bitcoin mining and it is not an easy way to make money.


Peer to peer refers to systems that work like an organized collective by allowing each individual to interact directly with the others. In the case of Bitcoin, the network is built in such a way that each user is broadcasting transactions of other users. And crucially, no bank is required as a third party.

Private Key

A private key is a secret piece of data that proves your right to spends Bitcoin from a specific Bitcoin address through a cryptographic signature. Each Bitcoin address has its own unique private key. Your private keys are stored in your computer if you use a software wallet while they are stored on some remote servers if you use a web wallet. Private keys must never be revealed as they allow you to spend bitcoins for their respective Bitcoin addresses.


cryptographic signature is a mathematical mechanism that allows someone to prove ownership. In the case of Bitcoin, a Bitcoin address and its private key are linked by some mathematical magic. When your Bitcoin software signs a transaction with the appropriate private key, the whole network can see that the signature matches the Bitcoin address. However, there is no way for the world to guess your private key to steal your hard-earned bitcoins.


A Bitcoin wallet refers to the equivalent of a physical wallet on the Bitcoin network. Each Bitcoin wallet can show you the total balance of all Bitcoin addresses it contains. Just like you can count the money in your real wallet. And in the same way, a Bitcoin wallet allows you to pay a specific amount to a specific person. This is different to credit cards where you are charged by the merchant.

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